Social performance

Kenyan floriculture

Social performance challenges of a rose from Kenya

As share of total social costs

The Kenyan flower sector faces a number of challenges. Social costs included in this study include harassment, occupational health and safety risks, wages and social security, gender discrimination, water use, freedom of association and overtime. Water use is also included due to its potential social impacts on local communities. This figure is a representative of the Kenyan flower sector. Results are based on primary and secondary data collected on the Kenyan flower sector. Click on the pie slices to learn more about each challenge.

Social cost and market price of a rose from Kenya

Auction price, retail price, social costs (Eur/rose stem)

The graph shows human rights challenges quantified as social costs in euros per rose, using the True Price method. This figure is a representation of the social performance of the Kenyan flower sector. Results are based on publicly available sources and data collected in collaboration with management and workers of two rose farms.

Harassment

Workers reporting harassment from colleagues or supervisors

31%

Women workers experiencing sexual harassment

40%

Women workers victim of sexual assault

2%

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practices in the sector

Gender Responsive Structures 

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Health and safety

Work performed without personal protective equipment

19%

Workers not receive receive H&S training

67%

Workers not receiving
drinking water

16%

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practices in the sector

Healthy and safe working conditions

0.1
Non-fatal incidents per FTE each year

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Wages and social security

0.01
Euro per cut rose stem is the cost of filling the gap to reach a living wage
2250
Euro/FTE living wage benchmark in Lake Naivasha region
1680
Euro/FTE living wage benchmark in Mt Kenya region

Workers without
paid sick leave

21%

Workers earning
below a living wage

72%

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practices in the sector

Fair remuneration and and employment security 

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Freedom of association

Workers aware of challenges with employers for joining trade unions

25%

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practices in the sector

Freedom of association

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Water use

9L
Of water needed on average to grow a rose
70%
of farms recycle water through hydroponics
100%
of farms collect rainwater for irrigation

Water use from non renewable sources

68%

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practices in the sector

Optimize water use

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Overtime

150%
Of the regular wage should be paid for overtime hours by Kenyan law
103%
Of the regular wage is paid on average for overtime hours

Workers working above legal weekly hours limit

8%

Workers paid less than legal requirement for overtime

55%

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practices in the sector

Fair remuneration and
employment security

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Gender equality

Female workers
without paid
maternity leave

15%


Gender wage gap
 

7%

Women workers experiencing gender discrimination in job promotion opportunities

30%

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practices in the sector

 

Gender Responsive Structures 

56%
Of the total workforce are females

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